Sumerian Archaeologists: Henri Frankfort

Ray A. Davis

henri_frankfortHenri “Hans” Frankfort (24 February 1897 – 16 July 1954) was a Dutch Egyptologist, archaeologist, and Assyriology.  He studied history in Amsterdam before moving to London and attaining is advanced degrees.

He led major archaeological expeditions in Egypt (1925-1929) and Iraq (1929-1937). He is widely credited with being among the first to reconstruct a coherent vision of the ancient Sumerian civilization and to draw the connections between it and the ancient Egyptian civilization. He is considered the discoverer of much information about both cultures.

He served as a professor at the University of Chicago and the Warburg Institute at the University of London from 1938-1954. During this time he helped to popularize a comparative study of Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures.

Henri_Frankfort (1)His work and commentary were quoted extensively in Joseph Campbell’s work Oriental Mythology from the Masks of God series.

Frankfort also wrote prolifically about subjects related to his field work…

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